Grants and research projects

Possible thesis subjects for students | Current projects | Previous projects

Possible thesis subjects for students (French only)

Current projects

  • Algorithmic Law and Legal Norm Migration in the Technological Realm: Concepts, Case Studies and Perspectives. Bilateral Program for Collaborative Research Québec – Communauté française de Belgique. FRQ-SC and FNRS (Belgium). Principal investigators: Karim Benyekhlef (UdeM) and Benoît Frydman (Université Libre de Bruxelles). $197 192. 2017-2019. Role: co-researcher [other co-researchers: Marie Demoulin and Nicolas Vermeys (UdeM), Gilbert Babin (HEC), Hugues Bersini (ULB)].

    Algorithmic Law and Legal Norm Migration in the Technological Realm: Concepts, Case Studies and Perspectives The worldwide ongoing digitization process, the development of global communication networks, and the advances in artificial intelligence and robotics have implications on all aspects of life in society. These transformations also have an impact on law which is itself modified by this digital transition. Thus, the world of justice integrates directly into its arsenal new technologies (e-discovery, electronic filing, remote trials through videoconferencing, etc.) that can lead to changes in procedural and evidentiary rules. New technologies also affect legal norms as well as their implementation and penalties. These norms are interpreted, mediated and potentially replaced by computer systems using artificial intelligence and algorithms (Big data & Taxation, smart contracts, decision support software, automation of certain procedures, etc.). This is referred to as "algorithmic law" or "computational law". Through an interdisciplinary collaboration between lawyers and computer scientists, this research project intends to examine the consequences of the migration of legal norms in the context of algorithmic law. Consideration will also be given to the benchmarks that should be established where necessary in order to ensure that such migration does not jeopardize fundamental rights or the balance of interests underlying various legal regimes. The main results of the project will be a better understanding of the impact of the migration of legal norms to technical devices and a multidisciplinary analysis of the risks and opportunities of this migration for public authorities, legal professionals, citizens and litigants.

  • Tshiue-natuapatetau/Kigibiwewidon : exploring new alternatives concerning restitution/reappropriation of native heritage. SSHRC, Community-University Research Alliance (CURA) program. 1,000,000$, 2011-2016. Team of 22 investigators and collaborators. My role : co-investigator (2012-2017)
    Principal investigator (2017-2018: Lyne Da Sylva
    Principal investigaore (2012-2017): Élise Dubuc, Histoire de l’art et études cinématographiques.

    This project brings together members of the communities of Mashteuiatsh and Kitigan Zibi with community and university researchers and a number of other partners, including museums. Together we will explore several methods of cultural reappropriation for the Ilnu community of Mashteuiatsh and the Anishinabeg community of Kitigan Zibi: museum visits in Canada and the United States, collections access, object loans and returns, online photos of object, etc. We will also look at new ways of helping members of the communities feel closer to the elements that constitute their heritage and better control their destiny.

    My contribution to the project involves the organisation of the digital library which will be created to disseminate images of the cultural objects involved.

  • UBIK : Of the importance of identifying the transdisciplinary vocabulary in the process of categorization of the concepts related to a scientific domain. Research project headed by Ivana Roche (INIST-CNRS, France). Other co-investigators: Nathalie Antonot, Dominique Besagni and Claire François from INIST-CNRS; Marianne Hörlesberger and Edgar Schiebel from the Austrian Institute of Technology (Austria). My rôle : co-investigator.

    In a great number of studies in various fields, there is an increasing need to identify the transdisciplinary lexicon by opposition to the discipline-specific terminology. Previous work based on content analysis showed clearly that the use of such a characterization of indexing keywords would considerably decrease the expert’s workload in evaluating information extracted from documents and representing it in a consistent way. A second pragmatic product of this project is the ability to associate a given document with a "transdisciplinarity score" (or, conversely, a "specialization score"). Such information could help in determining the accessibility of documents for a given audience.

    In this project, we propose to lay out a methodology answering those needs and we choose as exploratory discipline the field of Chemistry and the Scopus database as the scientific and technological information source.

  • Regards croisés sur le lexique : didactique, lexicologie, sciences de l'information et terminologie. Fonds de recherche québécois sur la société et la culture (FRQ-SC). 418 209$. 2013-2017. Soutien aux équipes de recherche. Principal investigator : Marie-Claude L’Homme (Dep. of Linguistics and translation, U. de Montréal), Team OLST (Observatoire de linguistique sens-texte). Rôle : co-inverstigator.

    Research team funded by the FRQ-SC, dedicated to the study of the lexicon in its various aspects: theoretical (lexicology, terminology) and applicative (in information science and language education).


Previous projects

  • Condensés de textes pour une assimilation rapide de l’information biomédicale. [Text condensation for quick assimilation of biomedical information] Chaire Bell en recherche interdisciplinaire sur les technologies émergentes. 2006-2007. Group grant. Co-researchers: Michel Gagnon (Département de génie informatique, École Polytechnique de Montréal) and Alain Polguère (Département de linguistique et de traduction) ; collaborator : Robert Leblanc (Institut de génie biomédical, Université de Montréal et École Polytechnique). Role: main researcher.

  • Outils d'accès au contenu de documents numériques [Tools for accessing the content of digital documents]. National Science and Engineering Research Council of Canada - Individual Discovery Grand, 2005-2010.

  • Réseau de recherche pour la gestion du contenu culturel numérique [Research Network for the management of digital cultural content]. (Head: Djemel Ziou, Université de Sherbrooke) (CoRIMedia). Subvention du Fonds des réseaux de recherche sur les nouveaux médias (Ministère du Patrimoine canadien). 2004 - 2005.


  • Réseau de recherche pour la gestion du contenu culturel numérique. (Head: Djemel Ziou, Université de Sherbrooke) (CoRIMedia). Subvention du Fonds des réseaux de recherche sur les nouveaux médias (Ministère du Patrimoine canadien). 2003 - 2004.


  • Implementing and Evaluating Linguistic Descriptions in Natural Language Processing Applications. National Science and Engineering Research Council of Canada - Individual research grant, 2001-2004.

  • Accès convivial et systémique à l'Internet dans le secteur de la construction [with Colin Davidson, École d'architecture (main researcher) and Jian-Yun Nie, Département d'informatique et de recherche opérationnelle]. National Science and Engineering Research Council of Canada and Bell University Laboratories. 2001-2004.
     

Page updated 23 Oct 2017